libravatarserv is a simple libravatar server.
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README.md

libravatarserv is a simple libravatar server. It is intended to be used as a CGI program.

Libravatar is a free service and an open specification for hosting profile images tied to email or OpenID addresses.

Features

  • Avatar delivery based on email addresses
  • Default avatar for unknown addresses
  • MD5 hashes
  • SHA256 hashes
  • Variable image size (s or size)
  • Default fallbacks (d or default): 404, URL, mp/mm, identicon

Clients are asked to cache results for up to 1 day to reduce load. This can apply to negative results as well.

The API is explained in greater detail at the Libravar wiki.

Not supported

  • OpenID
    • Because it isn’t possible to store filenames with ‘/’ in it on most filesystems.
  • The default fallbacks monsterid, wavatar and retro
    • Because I don’t think anyone uses them?
    • Patches welcome

Usage

Install nginx and fcgiwrap, copy the example config to the nginx configuration directory and edit it according to your needs. Other webservers and cgi spawners will also work, of course.

Add the following DNS records to your nameserver:

_avatars._tcp.example.com.     IN SRV 0 0 80  avatars.example.com
_avatars-sec._tcp.example.com. IN SRV 0 0 443 avatars.example.com

_avatars._tcp.example.com is for HTTP, _avatars-sec._tcp.example.com is for HTTPS.

libravatarserv looks in each of ${XDG_DATA_DIRS} for a directory named libravatarserv. You can force a different directory by setting the environment variable LIBRAVATARSERV_DIR (until 0.3.0 AVATAR_DIR).

The image files are named like your email address, no file extension. The default behaviour for unknown users is to return a 404 error. You can change that by setting the environment variable LIBRAVATARSERV_DEFAULT_FALLBACK to any value accepted by d or default. If you want to force a default image for unknown email addresses, name it default. The default image overrides the specified fallback in the URL and in the environment variable.

If you want to support “Mystery persons” (mp/mm) as default avatars, place a file named mp in the avatar dir. You can use the default libravatar mystery person (SVG), for example.

Test your setup on https://www.libravatar.org/tools/check/.

Example

The avatar directory could look like this:

/usr/share/libravatarserv
├── [ 32K]  default
├── [ 759]  user@example.com
└── [  16]  user+newsletter@example.com -> user@example.com

Configuration

Configuration is done through environment variables.

LIBRAVATARSERV_DIR

The directory containing the avatars.

Default: empty

LIBRAVATARSERV_DEFAULT_FALLBACK

Controls what happens if no fallback was requested. Possible values: Anything that can be supplied with the d or default parameter.

Default: 404

LIBRAVATARSERV_REDIRECT_NOFALLBACK

Set to 1 to redirect to libravatar.org if the user is not found and the requested fallback is not supported.

Default: 0

LIBRAVATARSERV_REDIRECT_NOUSER

Set to 1 to redirect to libravatar.org if the user is not found.

Default: 0

Things to keep in mind

libravatarserv resizes images on the fly and does not cache anything. It also calculates both MD5 and SHA256 hashes for every user on every request. This could seriously strain the ressources of your computer if many users use the service.

The algorithm for identicon generation has not been thoroughly tested. The generated images are maybe not individual enough. Please open a bug report if that is the case.

Install

Gentoo

Gentoo ebuilds are available via my repository.

Automatically generated packages

Binary packages are generated automatically for each release in the formats:

  • deb
  • rpm
  • tar.gz

They are generated on Debian Stretch 64 bit and signed with my automatic signing key.

Up to and including 0.6.2, the packages were generated on Ubuntu 16.04 64 bit.

From source

Dependencies

On a Debian system, install the packages: build-essential cmake libcrypto++-dev libmagick++-dev libxdg-basedir-dev.

Compile

mkdir build
cd build
cmake ..
make
make install
cmake options
  • -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Debug for a debug build
  • One of:
    • -DWITH_DEB=YES to generate a deb-package
    • -DWITH_RPM=YES to generate an rpm-package

To generate a binary package, execute make package

Contributing

Contributions are always welcome. You can submit them as pull requests or via email to tastytea@tastytea.de.

Speed

Tests on a laptop with an x86_64 2GHz CPU with 2 cores showed that the average response time is 140ms with 3 avatars in the “database”, 180ms with 1003 avatars. The tests were done with a 27KiB image, scaled down from 569px to 512px. It took 3,8s / 5-7s to transfer 50 unique avatars (about 3 KiB each) on one page.

Contact

See https://tastytea.de/

License & Copyright

Copyright © 2018 tastytea <tastytea@tastytea.de>.
License GPLv3: GNU GPL version 3 <https://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl-3.0.html>.
This program comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY. This is free software,
and you are welcome to redistribute it under certain conditions.