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**libravatarserv** is a simple libravatar server.
It is intended to be used as a
[CGI]( program.
[Libravatar]( is a free service and an open
specification for hosting profile images tied to email or OpenID addresses.
**The default branch changed from `master` to `main` on 2022-06-11.**
## Features
* Avatar delivery based on email addresses
* Default avatar for unknown addresses
* MD5 hashes
* SHA256 hashes
* Variable image size (`s` or `size`)
* Default fallbacks (`d` or `default`): 404, mp/mm, identicon (=retro), retro
* Requesting file type by appending `.jpg`, `.png`, `.gif` or `.webp` to the
The API is explained in greater detail at the
[Libravar wiki](
### Not supported
* OpenID
* Because it isn't possible to store filenames with '/' in it on most filesystems.
* The default fallbacks monsterid, wavatar, robohash and pagan
* Patches welcome
* forcedefault
* Fallback URLs for to external sites (due to [CWE-601](
* We have a server setting (`LIBRAVATARSERV_REDIRECT`) to redirect to
## Usage
Install nginx and
copy the [example config](
to the nginx configuration directory and edit it according to your needs. Other
webservers and cgi spawners will also work, of course.
Add the following DNS records to your nameserver:
``` plain IN SRV 0 0 80 IN SRV 0 0 443
`` is for HTTP, `` is for
libravatarserv looks in the current working directory for images. You can force
a different directory by setting the environment variable
`LIBRAVATARSERV_DIR`. Any file format supported by ImageMagick is supported, but
it should be PNG, JPEG or GIF for compatibility.
The image files are named like your email address, no file extension. The
default behaviour for unknown users is to return a 404 error. You can change
that by setting the environment variable `LIBRAVATARSERV_DEFAULT_FALLBACK` to
any value accepted by `d` or `default`. If you want to force a default image for
unknown email addresses, name it `default`. The default image overrides the
specified fallback in the URL and in the environment variable.
If you want to support "Mystery persons" (mp/mm) as default avatars, place a
file named `mp` in the avatar dir. You can use the
[default libravatar mystery person](
for example.
Test your setup on <>.
### Example
The avatar directory could look like this:
``` plain
├── [ 32K] default
├── [ 759]
└── [ 16] ->
### Configuration
Configuration is done through environment variables.
The directory containing the avatars.
Default: current directory
Controls what happens if no fallback was requested.
Possible values: Anything that can be supplied with the `d` or `default`
Default: 404
Set to 1 to redirect to if the user is not found.
Default: 1
### Things to keep in mind
libravatarserv resizes images on the fly and potentially calculates hashes for
every user on every request. This could seriously strain the ressources of your
computer if many users use the service. Make sure to set up caching if you
expect more than occasional traffic.
## Install
### Gentoo
Gentoo ebuilds are available via my
### From source
#### Dependencies
* C++ compiler (tested: [gcc]( 8/11,
[clang]( 7)
* [cmake]( (at least 3.12)
* [crypto++]( (tested: 8.6 / 5.6)
* [imagemagick]( (tested: 7.1 / 6.7)
* [identiconpp]( (at least: 0.7.1)
On a Debian system, install the packages: `build-essential pkg-config cmake
libcrypto++-dev libmagick++-dev` and
[identiconpp]( (or use the bundled).
#### Compile
``` shell
cmake -S . -B build
cmake --build build
##### cmake options
* `-DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Debug` for a debug build
* `-DLIBRAVATAR_BUNDLED_IDENTICONPP=YES` to use the bundled identiconpp
To install, run `sudo cmake --install build`. To create a linux distribution
package, run `cpack -G DEB` or `cpack -G RPM`.
## Contributing
Contributions are always welcome. You can submit them as pull requests or via
email to `tastytea`@``.
## Speed
Tests on a laptop with an x86_64 2GHz CPU with 2 cores showed that the average
response time is 140ms with 3 avatars in the "database", 180ms with 1003
avatars. The tests were done with a 27KiB image, scaled down from 569px to
512px. It took 3,8s / 5-7s to transfer 50 unique avatars (about 3 KiB each) on
one page.
This test was done on an older version and may not be accurate any more.
## Contact